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Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight, and over 30 is obese. The issue has grown to epidemic proportions, with millions of people dying each year as a result of being overweight or obese according to the global burden of disease.

Rates of overweight and obesity continue to grow in adults and children. The prevalence of overweight or obese children and adolescents aged 5–19 years increased from 4% to 18% globally.

Obesity is one side of the double burden of malnutrition, and today more people are obese than underweight in every region.

Obesity is associated with diseases and risk factors like Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), Hypertension, Coronary heart disease, Cerebrovascular disease, Varicose veins, Deep venous thrombosis, Respiratory diseases, Hyperlipidemia, Diabetes mellitus, Insulin resistance, Gastrointestinal disorders, Malignancies etc


Management include both weight control or reducing excess body weight and maintaining that weight loss, as well as, initiating other measures to control associated risk factors.

Periodic evaluation for obesity should be done by the measurement of BMI, Based on the evaluation, appropriate treatment is suggested. Treatment may consist of modification of diet, increased physical activity, behavioral therapy, and weight loss medication and surgery.